Traditionally, a Confucian woman life was defined by the three men in her life, her husband, her father, and then finally her son. It was assumed that a woman would obey her father as a filial daughter (hyoneo), obey her husband as a virtuous wife, and obey her son as the wise and benevolent mother in her old age. Without the protection of the three men a woman was considered unpropitious and presented a pitiable figure in society. In the past, a woman spent her life in the service of her husband and his family. She was the keeper of the ancestor rituals and Confucian rites. A mother perpetuated the Confucian cycle by educating her daughter to accept the subservient role of a Confucian woman. The three generations of Confucian women are portrayed in Lee Hwira's portrait photography. The portraits depict Lee grandmother, mother, and herself, represented not as an image but by the illuminating light on the photographs. The changing role of Confucian values can be seen in the lives of these women. During the time of Lee's grandmother, Confucian hierarchy was staunchly in place and a great deal of her life was spent in the traditional familial structure where she served her husband and his family. Lee's grandmother, unlike women of today, had little choice but to follow the Confucian path. Lee's mother on the other hand, had the benefit of society in transition and enjoyed limited freedoms. For the first time in Korean history, women were beginning to aspire to higher education during Lee' mother generation. Marriage customs were changing as well, where women were no longer bound by the tradition of arranged marriages but were occasionally allowed to marry for love. The Confucian custom of placing the utmost importance on producing a male heir also became less critical. Living with and caring for the husband's parents continues to be a factor for Lee's mother's generation, while it is much less an acceptable practice for, Lee's younger generation. Lee's work testifies to the fact that with each succeeding generation, the Confucian ethos is less pronounced, even as older generations strive to hold it intact. Younger generations of women are much more likely to abandon the tradition of living with the in-laws in the same household. Multigenerational habitations are becoming atypical as successive generations come of age. While certain aspects of extended families living under same roof offered the benefit of close familial bonds, the psychological stress on women who have had to serve the elderly parents makes this type of living arrangement unattractive to contemporary young women. For all the generations of Korean women, the past and present are converging, and the healing process continues that validates and empowers the future generation of women with promises of reconciled future.