Boudin was a self-taught
artist who grew up in Le Havre. Boudin was one of the first naturalist
painters who painted in the open air, "plein air".
Boudin had a significant
influence on the younger generation of landscape painters, in particular
Monet. He preferred to work on location rather than at the Academy.
He believed that "everything painted on the spot had strength,
a power, a vividness of touch that one doesn't find in the studio."
This was Monet's most important lesson.
Boudin taught Monet
that the essence of painting was "entirely to be invented."
Boudin taught his students to be extremely stubborn about capturing
raw nature. Monet initially avoided this advice. Later however,
Monet learned to paint in plein air with energy and power. Boudin
not only introduced Monet to nature, but he also taught him how
to paint with a quest: knowing what one wants and then being able
to achieve it.
Boudin won a scholarship
at the Ecole des Beux-Arts, but he was dissatisfied and returned
to Honfleur. In the 1830's, Boudin began painting small pastels
and watercolors in plein air.
Boudin was very precise
in his paintings and compositions. For example, he included the
date, time and direction of the wind.
in the first Impressionist Exhibition. Although he wasn't actively
involved in the politics of art movements, he was publicly considered
one of the group. Courbet said to Boudin, "Name of God, you
are a seraphim; you are the only one who understands the sky!"
Coastal landscape paintings by Eugene Boudin
- La Plage de Trouville,
The Beach at Trouville - 1863
- Rivage de Portrieux,
- Women with a Parson
on the Beach at Trouville - 1890
- Cliffs at Etretat
- Twighlight over the
Commercial Dock at Le Havre - 1892/94