Barthold Jongkind was born in the Netherlands. In 1846 he went to
Paris and studied with the French artists Isabey and Picot. Although
Jongkind was a Dutch landscape painter and etcher, he mostly painted
in France. His work reflected the 17th century landmarks
and landscapes of the Netherlands and France. This included popular sites as the Seine
River, the Normandy coast, the Dutch canals and sections of Paris.
In 1848 and in 1852, Jongkind was successful
at exhibiting in the Salon. During this
time, he received a medal.
At times, Jongkind's work was not accepted at the Salon. In 1863, he decided to join the Salon
des Refusés. Here
he met Claude Monet. Monet
learned many interesting techniques from Jongkind.
He learned how to create atmospheres, effects of light and
reflections. Jongkind was most noted for his technique using juxtaposed
strokes of unmixed colors to create light.
Jongkind and Monet had a long lasting friendship.
Jongkind, Monet, Corot, Boudin, Diaz de la Pena painted at Honfleur
and frequently stayed at the
Ferme St-Simeon Hotel.
Honfleur is a fishing port located on the Seine
estuary near Le Havre. Honfleur was so popular that painters nick-named this area
the "Barbizon of Normandy."
Jongkind worked with Monet in 1864. During this year, Monet was inspired
by Jongkind's style and painted Spring Flowers.
In 1878 Jongkind changed his medium from oils to
watercolors and continued to paint seacoast and port scenes.
Jongkind suffered from a serious neurosis which
bordered on a persecution complex.
He died in a mental institution.
Landscape paintings by Johann Barthold Jongkind
on this website