Johann Barthold Jongkind 1819 - 1891

Johann Barthold Jongkind was born in the Netherlands. In 1846 he went to Paris and studied with the French artists Isabey and Picot. Although Jongkind was a Dutch landscape painter and etcher, he mostly painted in France.  His work reflected the 17th century landmarks and landscapes of the Netherlands and France.  This included popular sites as the Seine River, the Normandy coast, the Dutch canals and sections of Paris.

In 1848 and in 1852, Jongkind was successful at exhibiting in the Salon. During this  time, he received a medal.   At times, Jongkind's work was not accepted at the Salon.  In 1863, he decided to join the Salon des Refusés.  Here he met Claude Monet.  Monet learned many interesting techniques from Jongkind.  He learned how to create atmospheres, effects of light and reflections. Jongkind was most noted for his technique using juxtaposed strokes of unmixed colors to create light.

Jongkind and Monet had a long lasting friendship. Jongkind, Monet, Corot, Boudin, Diaz de la Pena painted at Honfleur and frequently stayed at  the Ferme St-Simeon Hotel. 

Honfleur is a fishing port located on the Seine estuary near Le Havre.  Honfleur was so popular that painters nick-named this area the "Barbizon of Normandy."

Jongkind worked with Monet in 1864.  During this year, Monet was inspired by Jongkind's style and painted Spring Flowers. 

In 1878 Jongkind changed his medium from oils to watercolors and continued to paint seacoast and port scenes.

Jongkind suffered from a serious neurosis which bordered on a persecution complex.  He died in a mental institution.

Landscape paintings by Johann Barthold Jongkind on this website

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