Manet was born in Paris
on January 23, 1832. He was born into a family that practiced law.
His father, Auguste, was a judge and his two younger brothers followed
the family tradition, Eugene becoming a civil servant and Gustave
a prison inspector.
Manet was expected to
be a lawyer, but found that his passion was art. His father was
not happy about his choice of occupation and the two worked out
a compromise for Edouard to become a naval officer. Manet did not
become a naval officer --he failed his naval test twice. It was
then he told his father that there was nothing to stop him from
being a painter.
Manet then studied under
the artist Thomas Couture for six years, although they did not get
along. Manet was a painter and a printmaker, who made a transition
from realism to Impressionism. He chose subjects that were from
the events and styles of his time. Manet stressed painting as an
arrangement of paint areas on a canvas. As an Impressionist, he
he did not use broken color or sketchy brushstrokes. Instead, he
worked in broad, flat areas of color. Manet wanted his paintings
to describe the immediate reaction to what the eye perceived at
that exact moment.
He was influenced by
the works of Valasquez, Goya, Japanese printmakers and photography.
Manet died at the age of 52, on April 30, 1883 of locomotor ataxia,
a disorder of the nervous system.
Works by Edouard
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