Millet was viewed as
a peasant painter. He disliked the noise and frantic lifestyle of
Paris. In 1849, he moved to a small village named Barbizon located
on the edge of the Fontainbleau forest. This is where many other
artists, such as Diaz and Theodore Rousseau had previously settled.
The Musee du Luxembourg
exhibited the Eglise de Greville only after Millet's death.
The problem Millet faced was that the administration found his style
of painting and techniques to be shocking, especially by their choice
of subjects. The Luxembourg preferred serious art, not art that
contained nudes, peasant workers. Millet also preferred to study
people rather than the forest, unlike other Barbizon painters.
When Millet tried to
exhibit the Les Glaneuses, he caused a scandal. Many people
felt his subject matter of the "fates of pauperism" was not traditional.
Millet also played the interpreter between the School of Fontainebleau
and the Realists. Most of his work was completed at the Barbizon
school. He loved painting in the open air, especially the forest.
He created a new technique of incorporating the working class and
portraits, thus creating a new social look in which art did not
conform with the Academy.
Paintings by Jean-Francois
- The Gleaners - 1848
- The Walk to Work
- Shepherdess with
Her Flock - 1864
- La Fileuse, Chevriere
- Le Printemps - 1868/73
- L'Eglise de Greville
- Le Bouquet de Marguerites