Berthe Morisot was born
on January 14, 1841, in Valenciennes, Bourges. In 1857, the Morisot
sisters received their first drawing lessons as a birthday present
from their father. One year later, she studied under Joseph-Benoit
Guichard. In 1858, Morisot and her sister Edma registered as copyists
at the Louvre. Morisot was able to continue her art education through
private tuition. Because she was a woman she was not able to study
at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.
In 1861, Morisot met
Camille Carot, who was one of her first influences. In 1864, she
showed her work for the first time at the Paris Salon. In 1868,
Morisot and Edma met Edouard Manet and became very good friends
with him after posing for his painting Le Balcon. Her first
masterpiece, The Harbour at Lorient was painted in 1869.
Morisot is best known for her painting, The Cradle, done
in 1872. In 1874 she participated in the First Impressionist exhibition
and in that same year she married Manet's brother Eugene. Manet
became a big influence in Morisot's style. She had a technique in
which she used large touches of paint, freely, in all directions.
She mainly painted landscapes and scenes of women and children in
domestic settings or in the outdoors.
In 1876, Morisot exhibited
her work in the Second Impressionist Exhibition and in 1877 the
Third Impressionist Exhibition. In 1878, Morisot gave birth to her
daughter Julie. Because she fell ill after the birth of her daughter,
she did not participate in the Fourth Impressionist Exhibition.
From 1880-1886, Morisot participated in the rest of the Impressionist
Morisot is known for
being at the heart of the Impressionist group, because she was one
of the first members to help initiate it. In 1885, Morisot started
hosting Thursday dinners for artists such as, Degas, Renoir, Caillebotte,
Monet, and Cassatt. In 1892 Morisot had her first solo exhibition
in Paris through Durand-Ruel, her agent, and the agent of many Impressionists
Morisot died at the
age of 54, in Paris, of typhoid fever in 1895.
Works by Berthe Morisot
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