was an open air landscape naturalist painter. He was heavily influenced by Constable and the Dutch landscape
painters who settled in the Barbizon in 1848 and to the Dutch masters
of the 17th century.
was initially trained as a print-making artist. Rousseau made ten prints, only one was published. Rousseau's
graphic technique and linear composition, helped further his career
as a landscape painter.
This was one other example of how his methods evolved outside
said, "I listen to the voices of the trees.. I discover their
passions. The artist's
soul must become filled with the infinity of nature."
became the leader of the Barbizon school.
His technique, styles and vision to use subdued
colors and vignettes, to illustrate nature's effects influenced
many landscape painters including Pissarro.
Rousseau's technical innovations helped develop the importance
of "plein air", open air, painting. Rousseau's style shifted from the picturesque to the naturalist
landscape. This new style was a contrast to the traditional methods of
painting by the Academy.
The Barbizon was a village in the Fontainebleau forest. Rousseau, Millet and Diaz de la Pena lived there with other
wanted to marry George Sand's niece.
In his sadness, he decided to isolate himself at the Barbizon. He spent most of his time in the forest
painting and photographing many portraits of nature.
influenced Millet in his study of the unfinished Porte aux
Vaches, in snow. Millet
attempted to capture the open air quality and the composition
that was created by the horizon and by the trees in the background.
had many solid friendships, including Jean-Francois Millet, whom
he was buried next to in Chailly.
landscape, The fisherman - 1830
in the Auvergne - 1830
seen from the heights of Belleville - 1830
Forest, Winter Sunset, 1846
Fisherman - 1848 - 49
forest of Fontainebleau, morning - 1848 - 50
of Oaks, Apremont, Forest of Fontainebleau - 1852
Edge of the Woods at Monts-Girard, Fontainebleau Forest - 1854