|Vincent (Willem) van Gogh
was born on March 30, 1853, Zundert, Netherlands, and died on July
29, 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris. He is considered the greatest Dutch painter
after Rembrandt. His
work, all of it produced during a period of only 10 years, conveys
through its color, coarse brushwork, and contoured forms--the anguish
of a mental illness that resulted in suicide. Among his masterpieces are many self-portraits
and the famous The Starry Night
1880, van Gogh decided that art was his profession and worked on
it with focused frenzy. Although
he often suffered from extreme poverty and undernourishment, his
output in the ten remaining years of his life was prolific. Altogether
he made about 800 paintings and a similar number of drawings. In February 1886, van Gogh moved to Paris. In Paris he met Pissarro, Degas, Gauguin,
Seurat, and Toulouse-Lautrec. At this time, his painting style experienced
a great change under the combined influence of Impressionism and
Japanese woodblock prints.
It lost its morality of social realism.
He became obsessed by the symbolic value of colors and began to
use them for this purpose, which was different from the Impressionists
who used them for capturing atmosphere and light.
Van Gogh sold only one painting, Red Vineyard at Arles, during his lifetime. He was little known to the art world at
the time of his death, but his paintings became famous after he
died. He had a significant impact on Expressionism, Fauvism and
early abstraction, as well as other aspects of 20th-century art.
Works by Van Gogh
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