Home: Overview: Biographies: Gabriel-Urbain Faure

Was born on May 12, 1945 in Pamiers, which is located in the Arié départment in the south of France.

His father was a school teacher. At the age of nine, Fauré studied at Niedermeyer, a school that taught church music of the sixteenth and seventeen century. Fauré was never a student of the Paris Conservatoire. At eleven, his first music job was an organist at a church at Rennes in Brittany. During the next ten years, his musical career was interrupted by the Franco-Prussian war.

He married Marie Frémiet, the daughter of a famous sculptor. He had two sons.

In the late 1870's, he composed the first Violin Sonata and C minor Piano Quartet.

In 1886, he composed the Requiem Mass in memory of his father.

In 1896, he was appointed the chief organist at the Madeleine and professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire, and later as the head of the Paris Conservatoire.

He held this position for fifteen years. However he was asked to resign due to his loss of hearing.

Gabriel Fauré was an important composer in the history of French music renassance. He contributed to chamber and piano solos.

Fauré's music is significant in his piano compositions. However, he did not write a Sonata for the piano. For example, the Theme and Variations in C sharp minor is a major work. Most the piano works were bold and harmonic. He did not invent new chords, but he did manage to find an extraordinary method of taking one tonal value to another.

Fauré also was known for flattening the seventh degree of the scale.

Gabriel Fauré died in 1924.

A tribute to Fauré was made by a French musicologist, Jean Chantavoine in a article in the Le Ménétrel. "It is not enough to say that he was their interpreter, not even their complement….In some cases he has actually revealed them by opening up for them

That region of our minds which the choicest words in poetic speech have otherwise failed to penetrate…In this respect Gabriel Fauré played, in the Parnassian and Symbolist age of France, a part recalling that of Schammn in the romantic age in Germany."

Three years after his death, three of this students, Vincent d'Indy, Charles Bordes and Aleandre Guilmant started a school in Paris in 1894. This was the Sschola Cantorum in memory and to promote his teaching and ideas.

Abbreviated summary of contributions by Gabriel Fauré

  • La Bonne Chanson - Second Piano Quartet
  • Pavane - Symphony Orchestra
  • Commission piece for the Pelléas et Mélisande in 1898
  • Commission piece for the Prométée in 1900 - produced in the Open Air theatre in Béziers
  • Second Requiem Mass
  • Requiem Mass
  • Clair de lulne
  • Aprés un réve
  • Lydia
  • Le secret
  • Les berceaux
  • Le parfum impérissable
  • Mélodies - 1890 songs
  • First Cello Sonato -1918
  • Mirages -1919, songs
  • Second Cello Sonata - 1921
  • Fantaisie - 1921, songs
  • Piano Quintet -1921
  • La'Horizon chimérique -1922, songs
  • String Quartet - 1924, Chamber music
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