"The essence of Romantic art lies in the artistic object's being free, concrete, and the spiritual idea in its very essence - all this revealed to the inner rather than to the outer eye... This inner world is the content of Romantic art; Romantic art must seek its embodiment in precisely such an inner life or some reflection of it. Thus the inner life shall triumph over the outer world; triumph over it in such a way that the outer world will itself proclaim the former's victory, by which sensuous appearance must sink into worthlessness..." - Hegel
This site attempts an illustrated exploration of the musical composers and music culture of Paris during the nineteenth century, a period commonly referred to as the Romantic Era in music.
After presenting a brief chronology and a collection of biographies, we focus on four genres: opera, operetta, ballet, and popular music.
Audio clips are available here. If you need to download audio plug-ins, check out our help page.