Home: Overview: Biographies: Richard Wagner

Wagner used the colors of the orchestra spectrum to defuse his music in a regeneration of textures of sonority and movement. Wagner aspired to create the "total" art music experience. According to his Autobiographishe Skizze, Wagner's music included poetry and philosophy. He was a musical genius, a poet, a philosopher, political theorist, a critic and an ideologist. He was influenced by Beethoven and Weber. Wagner expressed nature in his opera pieces and he was able to influence the Impressionist Painters. His orchestral sounds of surging water along a riverbed are an example. In the first scene of Das Rhelngold, there is a break through water. His technique was indelible.

Richard Wagner was born in Leipzig, Germany. His father, Friedrich, was a policeman, who died after his birth. Wagner's mother remarried Ludwig Geyer, in August 1814.Wagner attended school in Dresden and then Leipzig, however, he was self-taught.

Wagner's first opera was never produced while he was alive. It was first performed by Hermann Levi in Munich in 1888. Wagner's his second opera, Das Liebesverbot, The Ban on Love, was performed in 1836. During this year, he became a conductor for a music small company. It music company, however, went bankrupt after he performed Das Liebesverbot,

Wagner turned to myths because he felt that the musical needs needed to deal with ideology, rather than the individual. Some say he knew that his style would not keep pace with the librettos of contemporary musicians. Wagner labeled his opera as Music Drama, "Leitmotif".

On a voyage from Pillau to London, Wagner's his ship ran into a storm. The ship took shelter in the bay of Sandwike in Norway. While his ship was anchored, he focused on nature's impressions and his own experiences on the Flying Dutchman. He came up with the idea of a new poetic-musical form of opera. He tried to write from poems and music of the Hollender. Later he sold the scenario to the director of the Opera.

In 1851, Wagner composed his last opera for Lohengrin. This was the Oper und Drama, the equal to the chorus of a Greek tragedy.

Wagner's first wife, Minna, died in 1866. Later he married Cosima in 1870. He had one son, Siegfried from Cosima.

In 1872, Wagner moved to Bayreuth. Here he considered Bayreuth as a possible location for the his Ring festival. After he completed his first house in Wahnfried, he had his first Festival in 1876. In 1877. In 1882, he completed Palermo on January 13, which he performed at the Bayreuth Festival. Six months later, Robert Wagner died on February 13, 1883 in Venice.

Abridged list of compositions:.

Operas
• Die Feen, 1834, composed with chorus director Stadttheater at Wurzburg
• Der Fliegende Hollander -1843
• Die Hockzeit, The Wedding - 1933
• Das Liebesverbot
• Lohengrin - 1845, prose; Full score completed in 1848
• Die Meistersinger, 1867, prose work, libretto opéra, music drama, play
• Parsifal - 1882
• Rienzi - 1842
• Wieland der Schmied - 1848, Opéra
• Der Ring, 1857
• Tristan und Isolde
• Der Ring des Nibelungen
    A: Das Rheingold
    B: Die Walkure
    C: Tod Siegfreid - 1848, Grand heroic opéra
    D: Gotterdammerung
• Mannerlist grosser als Frauenlist - 1839, libretto comic opéra
• Tannhauser - opéra, 1859 - 1861
• Tristan - libretto opéra, music drama, play

Operas projected
• Die Befgwerke von Falun
• Die Sarazenin
• Wieland der schmied

Orchestra Works
• Kaiser-marsch
• Siegfried Idyll

Overtures
• In C major and D minor
• Christoph Columbus
• Faust
• Polonia
• Rule Britannia

Piano Music
• Fantasie in F sharp minor
• Sonata in A
• Sonte fur das Album von Frau M.W.

Songs
• Wesendoncklieder
• Symphony in C

Writing
• Mein Leben
• Oper und Drama - 1851
• Zukunftsmusic, Music of the Future - 1860
• Der Venusbery - 1842, poem
• Der Venusbery was renamed as Tannhauser und der Sangerkrieg auf Wartburg - 1842 - 1845, composition

Choral Work
• Das Liebesmahl der Apostel

Incidental Music
• Faust
• Konig Enzio

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