companies go public, investors go crazy; many companies later fail.
population about 400,000.
of steam locomotive.
calendar abandoned (30-day months of three ten-day weeks, the last
day being Sunday).
Vendome by Gondoin and Lepere completed.
Tussaud's wax works opens.
of Public Education created.
weavers fire employees and use family labor instead.
results in expanded middle class voting system.
population is 861,400.
Huge labor strikes occur in silk industry.
strikers seek minimum wage for all workers.
de Triomphe de l'Etoile erected.
invented by Fox Talbott and Dagguerre.
allows stock market prices, quotes, and incoming orders to be communicated
quickly between cities; earliest "electronic" trading.
recession disables economy.
of professional and trade organization founding and membership among
shopkeepers, master artisans, and petit bourgeois.
February: Police action and street uprising
ousts monarchy; universal male suffrage established.
June: Uprising of Parisian workers suppressed
by army led by Cavaignac.
invades Algeria, acquires new colonial lands.
exchanges briskly traded shares in canal and railway companies; firms
rarely disclosed profitmaking strategies to investors.
de Boulogne annexed to city of Paris.
Vast Paris urban redevelopment begins, clearing
of areas on Ile de la Cite and near Louvre; construction begins to
join Louvre to Tuileries Gardens.
Railway to Strasbourg opens.
New bridges built across River Seine.
George Haussmann is made Prefect of the Seine River and begins reconstruction
Boulevard de Strasbourge and rue Soufflot opened.
Emperor Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) marries
Eugenie de Montijo of Spain; the Empress become the leader of fashion
rue de Rivoli begun.
War begins as France sides with Great Britain and Turkey against Russia.
Fair on Champs-Elysees includes Palais de l'Industrie.
Railway to Lyon and Mediterranean opens.
Emperor Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) and Empress
Eugenie exchange cross-Channel visits with Queen Victoria and Prince
Albert of Great Britain.
March: Crimean War ends in Paris treaty.
June: Prince Imperial baptized.
de l'Imperatrice opens.
Flaubert writes Madame Bovary.
telegraph cable laid.
Completion of Bois de Boulogne and Longchamp
Arc de Triomphe avenues open.
rue de Rivoli opens.
Army completes conquest of Kabyles of Algeria.
Emperor Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) and Empress
Eugenie visits with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Great Britain
de Sebatopol opens.
Anglo-French expeditionary forces invade China.
Suez Canal company formed by de Lesseps.
Baron George Haussmann's powers increased by
June: Empress Eugenie creates fashion with "Magenta
de Vincennes annexed to Paris.
Montmartre annexed to Paris.
suburbs annexed to Paris.
boulevard Malesherbes opens.
Rebuilt Parc Monceau opens.
Brothers Edmund Louis Antoine Hout de Goncourt
and Jules Alfred Hout de Goncourt publish "Soeur Philomene."
Opera construction begins.
French expeditionary forces battle Juarez in
Treaty of Saigon confirms French role in Annam.
Victor Hugo publishes "Les Miserables."
French government established in Mexico.
New Deauville built on Channel coast; railway
Cambodia made French protectorate.
Last of eight new bridges across the River Seine
New quais (piers) along River Seine opened.
steamship service starts between France and New York.
New Deauville racetrack opens.
Workers win right to strike.
trade with west resumes.
Communist International established in Paris.
Goncourt brothers publish novel "Germinie Lacerteux"
and play "Henriette Marechal."
of Le Marseillaise forbidden due to its evocation of revolution.
English newspapers held from readers at post
offices due to content deemed hostile to French government.
Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris
draws 11 million visitors.
Liberalization of theatre legislation results
in rapid expansion of cafes-concerts and vaudeville.
Stock ticker is introduced at stock exchanges.
Saint-Lazare enlarged and adjacent streets redone.
New legislation improves freedom of press and
right of pubic assembly.
Folies Bergere opens.
George Haussmann falls out of political favor.
Suez Canal opens.
of Paris by Germany.
Baron George Haussmann dismissed.
Victor Hugo returns from exile.
Opera destroyed by fire.
Construction of Sacre Cour begins.
French financial crisis occurs and depression
du Vendome column destroyed during Commune is reerected.
Sacre-Cour construction begins.
de l'Opera opens.
Paris population exceeds 2 million.
Goncourt brothers publish "La Fille Elisa."
Emile Zola publishes "L'Assommoir."
Electric lamp invented.
1: Exposition universelle (World's Fair).
First public playing of "La Marseillaise" since
Stock exchange traders begin to use telephones
to communicate between cities.
Zola publishes "Nana."
Goncourt brothers publish "Les Freres Zemganno."
Jesuits expelled from France; exclusively secular
instruction mandated for public schools.
July 14: First Bastille Day celebrations held.
price board is introduced at stock exchanges.
establishes compulsory primary education.
Founding of French Socialist Party.
Express starts run fro Paris to Instanbul, Turkey.
makes first jewelled eggs for Tzar of Russia.
Trade unions legalized in France.
of Liberty dedicated in New York.
reported over 150 revolutionary or anarchist groups in Paris; at least
15 had over 500 members and many had at least 1000 sympathizers.
Eiffel Tower completed, world's tallest structure.
Exposition universelle (World's Fair).
Le Moulin Rouge opens.
leads world in production of motor cars.
Maxim's reastaurant opens.
Metro construction begins and first lines opened.
Metro extends to Montmartre.
Exposition Universelle (World's Fair).