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L. Pharaoh Khafre. R. Pharaoh Rameses

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L. Pharaoh Khafre. R. Pharaoh Rameses
25th-13th c BCE Egyptian L. Egyptian Old Kingdom R. Egyptian New Kingdom Sculpture

EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM Anonymous (c.1570 BCE - 1070 BCE) Primary
EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM Anonymous (c.1570 BCE - 1070 BCE)
c. 2500 BCE - c. 1213 BCE
25th-13th c BCE
Left: 5' 6"
L. Diorite
L. Egyptian Old Kingdom R. Egyptian New Kingdom
Giza. Egypt. R. Karnak.
L. Cairo. Egyptian Museum. R. Karnak
Both of the figures are seated looking straight ahead; the body axis does not twist. The forms are solid and compact, with few projecting parts. The figures were designed as part of the memorial temples for both rulers, and embodied their transformation into gods. Both are ageless, timeless figures, created to represent the essence of royal power and dignity for all eternity. The Old Kingdom ruler, Khafre, sits on a throne decorated with the intertwined papyrus and lilies, which symbolize the united kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt. Horus, the hawk, shields his head as he looks forward into eternity, forever youthful. The powerful New Kingdom ruler, Ramses, is portrayed in a similar manner. He too, sits quietly with his hands in his lap. The reliefs on the base of his statue, however, depict lines of prisoners in reflection of his conquests in Palestine, Syria and Nubia. The figure of Ramses is much larger than that of Khafre and its monumentality represents New Kingdom imperialism. We will see even more monumental figures of Ramses later, but what is important here is the continuity of style represented throughout the long history of Egyptian art.

Caption: EGYPTIAN IV DYNASTY Anonymous | Pharaoh Khafre. | c. 2500 BCE | Egyptian | Egyptian Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty

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