BRONZE AGE Anonymous
11th-8th c BCE European Germanic Migration Metalwork
(c. 2000 BCE - c. 500 BCE)
11th-8th c BCE
Wealthy Bronze Age rulers wore large brooches such as this which were used to hold their cloaks together, and they were buried with them. The fact that human beings were buried with adornments as well as objects that they had used during their lives reflects the belief in an afterlife, for the survivors wanted to make sure that the deceased had all that he or she would need in the next life. We owe much of our understanding of early artistic expression to the fact that many ancient peoples buried precious objects with the deceased.
The view of prehistory and our understanding of the position of women in ancient times has changed as a result of the work of Maria Gambutis, work which is based not on romantic theories of ancient matriarchal cultures but rather on careful research of the physical evidence of the objects found in graves. Prehistory means just that, the time before history was recorded. Since we have no written records it is very difficult for us to know what really happened. When we hear scholars talking about the way things were, it is important to inquire what evidence they are basing their theories on. Fortunately for us, ancient objects are themselves primary sources, just like texts, and we must learn to read them, to ask questions about what each object can tell us. The discoveries of archaeologists from the 19th century to the present have greatly enlarged our understanding of the past.
BRONZE AGE | Rondelle | 1100-700 BCD | European | Germanic Migration