L. Stele. Wine merchant with measuring cups. R. Merchant shipping wine.
1st-3rd c Roman Sculpture
(active 1st c BCE - 4th c CE)
Dijon. Musée Archeologique.
Wine was an important part of the Roman diet. On the left is a wine shop with the merchant taking a vessel from a customer to fill. Behind him are a series of jugs which are used to measure out the wine. The wine arrived in Rome in both barrels and wine jugs known as amphora, from Greece as well as Gaul. The Mediterranean was a "Roman sea" and traders moved their boats freely across it. Some even sailed down the Arabian gulf to Indonesia and India bringing spices back. In many cases Jews were traders since after they were sent from Israel they settled all around the Empire. They had family and friends in other cities who would extend credit on trust and thus built up a very effective trading network.
Both of these reliefs are from Gaul (present day France). The culture there was known as "Gallo Roman" and was a mixture of Roman and ancient Celtic cultures. Gaul was a pleasant place to live, and it, like other conquered areas, was often settled by soldiers who were given land to farm when they retired. They often married local women and a mixed culture developed, but where ever they went they tried to recreate the amenities that they had experienced in Roman cities.
GALLO-ROMAN | L. Stele. Wine merchant with measuring cups. R. Merchant shipping wine.| | Gallo-Roman |
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