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Pompeii. House of Pansa. Cross Section & Plan

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Pompeii. House of Pansa. Cross Section & Plan
2nd c BCE Roman Roman Republican Architecture

ROMAN REPUBLICAN Anonymous (c. 510 BCE - 27 BCE) Primary
2 c BCE
2nd c BCE
Roman Republican
Pompeii. Campania. Italy.
In 79 CE the volcano of Vesuvius exploded, sending lava flowing down its flanks and ash high in the air. The ash covered the small Roman result city of Pompeii, entombing many of the residents along with their houses and their entire town. Perhaps the most interesting aspect of Pompeii is the houses. These houses turned inward. There were no front yards, as the houses rested directly on the sidewalk. Often the rooms that faced the street were rented out as shops. One entered the house proper through a court-like passageway called an ATRIUM. The atrium had a hole in the roof which opened the room to the sky and rain. The small basin below the opening was known as the IMPLUVIUM. It served both as a pond and as a catch for drinking water. A number of rooms led off the atrium. Most wealthy households had a room here which contained the busts of the ancestors that we discussed earlier. From the atrium one proceeded back to the open peristyle courtyard. Rooms for sleeping often opened off the courtyard. Facilities for cooking and other types of domestic work were further back, as were the quarters for women and for the slaves. Spaces were identified as belonging to the men or the women, and married couples did not share the same quarters.

Caption: ROMAN REPUBLICAN | Pompeii. House of Pansa. Cross Section & Plan |2nd c BCE | Roman Republican | Roman

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