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Urfa (Edessa). Fortification wall.

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Urfa (Edessa). Fortification wall.
13th-15th c Anatolian Crusader Architecture

CRUSADER Anonymous (active 11th c. - 13th c.)
CRUSADER Anonymous (active 11th c. - 13th c.) Primary
c. 1200-1500
13th-15th c
Urfa. EasternTurkey.
The wall was built by the Crusaders and later Mamluks. The city had earlier been known as Edessa, named by the Macedonian legions of Selucus Nicator of Antioch who established his first capitol here. After its capture by the Romans, it remained an inportant gerrison town and was one of the first centers of the early Christian church. Many scientific works of late antiquity were translated here into Syriac and Aramaic, which were later translated into Arabic after the Muslim conquest, later to be translated into Latin and Greek, thus making their way to the West. The city was reconquored by the crusaders and Baldwin II created one of the first crusdader states in the Middle East. The city was subsequently reconquored by the Muslims and the wall was strengthened by the Mamluks.

Caption: CRUSADER |Urfa (Edessa). Fortification wall.|

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