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Chinchorro mummy.

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Chinchorro mummy.
6th-5th millennium BCE Chilean Chinchorro Biological Remains

PRE-COLUMBIAN Anonymous (5000 BCE - 1515 CE) Primary
c. 6000 BCE-5000 BCE
6th-5th millennium BCE
Human bones; fibers; mud
Reconstructed
Chinchorro
Mummy
Atacama Desert. Arica. Chile.
Iquique Museo. Iquique, Chile.
chil3668
TThe Chinchorro were a hunting and gathering people who settled on the northern coast of Chile into Peru in the Atacama Desert, considered to be the driest desert on earth. They lived primarily by fishing and gathering marine resources, and their water came down from the Andes mountains. Large shell middens have been excavated that included the bones of sea mammels as well as fish. They are known for their treatment of the dead and their mummies, which date from approximately 5000 BCE to c. 1850 BCE, making them the earliest known mummies (The earliest known Egyptian mummies are dated to around 3000 BCE). In the Chinchorro mummification process the internal organs were removed and replaced with vegetable fibers or animal hairs. In some cases the flesh and skin were replaced with clay. The body was reassembled. There are both black and red types, dependng on the particular technique used. and both types are considered "reconstructed mummies". The process was not reserved just for the powerful, but was used on everyone, including children and fetuses.

Caption: PRE-COLUMBIAN |Chinchorro mummy. | c. 6000 BCE-5000 BCE| Chile

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