Materials for illumination.Gold leaf & grounds with mineral pigments.
5th-16th c European Books & Manuscripts
(c. 400 - c. 1500)
Gold leaf; Bole; Gum ammoniac; Minerals
Los Angeles. J. Paul Getty Trust Museum.
Gold leaf was applied to parchment via a sticky ground such as bole (refined red clay) and gum ammoniac (sap). Minerals such as malachite; lapis lazuli; and azurite were ground to make colors.
MEDIEVAL | Materials for illumination. Gold leaf & grounds with mineral pigments. | c. 400-1500 | European |
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