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Palace of Emperor Shen Long. Garden Gate.
8th c Chinese Tang Architecture

TANG DYNASTY Anonymous (618 - 909) Primary
747
8th c
Tang
palace
Xi'an. Shaanxi. China.
China45.chi02078
Winter hot springs. The emperor and his court diverted themselves in their gardens, which created a carefully manicured version of nature. Chinese gardens were strongly influenced by Daoist ideas and were intended as microcosms of a larger nature which would engender tranquillity in those who visited them. Unlike western gardens which were laid out in symmetrical geometric shapes, Chinese gardens were based upon curving asymmetrical lines which contained a hidden or dynamic balance. The gardens contained a pond, which embodied the yin element of water and a variety of asymmetrical rocks which embodied the yang principal and symbolized the great mountain chains through which flowed the vital energy of the earth. Chinese garden design was introduced into Europe in the 18th century where it completely revolutionized garden planning, substituting great curving natural vistas for the strict and monumental symmetry of 17th century garden design.

Caption: TANG | Palace of Emperor Shen Long. Palace & Nine dragon pool | Tang | Chinese

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