73rd-70th c BCE Levantine Neolithic (Pre-ceramic) Sculpture
(active c. 3000 BCE - 400 CE)
c. 7200 BCE-7000 BCE
73rd-70th c BCE
Gypsum plaster; bitumen on fiber armature
Ain Ghazal. Iran.
Here we see a front and side view as well as a close-up of one of several figures found in the Neolithic settlement of Ain Ghazel near present-day Aman. This figure, which is almost three feet tall, was created from plaster over a frame of twigs. It was decorated with paint with cowrie shells, which give the eyes a very haunting and life-like quality. The eyes were circled and the pupils were painted with bitumen, a black pitch-like substance used on early Near Eastern art objects. The figure originally had a wig. The fact that the figures have individual characteristics may indicate that they were intended to recreate particular people and were thus related to ancestor worship.
The figures were only discovered in 1981. 3 of these were found in 1985 in Ain Ghazal Jordan. Most of them are in the museum in Amman, but this one has been restored by the French, and for that reason is on indefinite loan to the Louvre.
PRE-CERAMIC NEOLITHIC | Human Figure. | c. 7000 BCE | Levantine | Neolithic (Pre-ceramic)
Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios: