Great Mosque of Damascus. Three-aisled basilica. Prayer hall.
8th c Syrian Umayyad Architecture
(661 - 1031)
Although the Great Mosque of Damascus has been heavily restored, its interior with its wooden-roofed nave and side aisles exhibits its Early Christian derivation. The nave and aisles are of equal width and height, but the arcade with Corinthian capitals is similar to those found in many Early Christian buildings. The major change that needed to be made in the conversion was in the orientation of the building. The Christian building had been oriented toward the east end where the altar would have stood. In the conversion, the long wall was identified as the qiblah wall which faced toward Mecca, and the mirhab was lined up with the entrance that was now through the transept and not from the west end. You can see the worshippers all facing the qiblah wall.
UMAYYAD | Great Mosque of Damascus. Three-aisled basilica. Prayer hall. | 708-715 | Islamic | Umayyad
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