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Cordoba. Great Mosque (La Mezquita). Mihrab. Dome.

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Cordoba. Great Mosque (La Mezquita). Mihrab. Dome.
10th c Spanish Hispano-Moresque Architecture

UMAYYAD Anonymous (661 - 1031) Primary
c. 961-965
10th c
Córdoba. Spain.
Córdoba became a rich commercial center. In the 10th century the caliph used some of this wealth to embellish the prayer hall by adding more rows of columns. He also renovated the mirhab, and created this magnificent ceiling vault in front of it. When his subjects complained about the cost and ostentation of his renovations, Al-Hakam replied by dedicating a plaque to God, who "helped him in the building of this eternal place, with the goal of making this mosque more spacious for his subjects, something which both he and they greatly wanted." The decoration of the dome is extremely rich and the shapes are complex. The ribs that subdivide the dome are, however, merely decorative and serve no structural function. It was not until several centuries later that French Gothic builders would combine the rib vaults of the Moslems with the pointed arch, also used decoratively by them, to create one of the world's most revolutionary structural architectural systems.

Caption: UMAYYAD | Great Mosque of Cordoba (La Mezquita). Mihrab. Dome. | | Islamic |

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