Sultan Hasan Mausoleum and Mosque and El Rifai.
14th c Egyptian Mamluk Architecture
(1250 - 1517)
Rulers and wealthy men sometimes founded educational institutions in conjunctionwith mosques. Their tombs were also often incorporated into these structures, as we see here. whose large foundation dominates the Cairo skyline. In a single large complex Sultan Hasan built his tomb, established a mosque and founded a MADRASA. This large structure still dominates the Cairo skyline.
Madrasas were originally established to teach theology and canon law. Early madrasas were small and were grouped around a single teacher, but by the 12th century they had become state institutions with endowments for salaried staff and support of students. Wealthy rulers like Sultan Hasan endowed such complexes.
Hasan was a Mamluk. The Mamlukes had originally been slaves brought to Egypt by the Fatimid and later Ayyubite rulers who trained them as soldiers. Many were freed and rose to high rank. In fact, the Mamlukes successfully rebelled against the Ayyubites establishing their owndynasty in 1250. They called their rulers "Sultans."
MAMLUK | Sultan Hasan Mausoleum and Mosque and El Rifai. | Mamluk | Islamic
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