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Mosque of Sultan Hasan. Vault from entrance.

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Mosque of Sultan Hasan. Vault from entrance.
14th c Egyptian Mamluk Architecture

MAMLUK Anonymous (1250 - 1517) Primary
14th c
3505.2 cm x 3200.4 cm
Cairo. Egypt.
This is a view of the courtyard which was the focus of Sultan Hasan's foundation. The fountain served simultaneously as the place for purification before entering the mosque to pray, as a source of water for drinking, and as an architectural accent. The photograph was taken from one of the four iwans that composed the four sides of the compound. Students studying in the madrasas listened to lectures in the iwans, as well as using the space for endless discussions of the points of Islamic theology and law. Elaborate half-domes, like the one we just examined, capped the four iwans. The simplicity and monumentality of the walls is a strong and effective contrast to their lacy decoration. This is a monumental urban enclosed space which any university would be proud to possess.

Caption: MAMLUK | Mosque of Sultan Hasan. Vault from entrance. | 1356-1362 | Islamic | Mamluk

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