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L. Ivory with slave C. Why am I born a slave? R. Slavers

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L. Ivory with slave C. Why am I born a slave? R. Slavers
20th c African (West) Afro-European Sculpture

Jean-Baptiste CARPEAUX (Valciennes., May 11 1827 - Oct 12 1875, Courbevoie.) Primary
Jean-Baptiste CARPEAUX (Valciennes., May 11 1827 - Oct 12 1875, Courbevoie.)
c. 1900-1980
20th c
Ivory
Carved
Afro-European
relief
L&R Democratic Republic of the Congo C. France
L. Bordeaux. Musée d'Aquitaine. C. Copenhagen. Nye Carlsburg R. NY Met Mus.
African72.afr02c72
Slavery is one of the most difficult issues to deal with is discussing Africa, and yet it cannot be ignored. As we know, the Africans themselves made slaves of conquered peoples. Many groups like the Fon established kingdoms which owed their wealth and power primarily to the slave trade. The ivory on the left shows prisoners shackled together as they marched to the slave market. Although the Portuguese came to Africa in search of gold, ivory and spices, over time these became much less important than the trade in slaves. The ivory carving on the right shows traders and slaves sold by other Africans, to be delivered to the infamous slave ships which would take them to Europe or the New World. As the trade grew, Europeans, along with their African accomplices, increasingly staged raids all along the coast of West Africa to find ever more victims. The Portuguese brought the first slaves to the New World in 1505. In his book ( The Atlantic Slave Trade: a Census. Wisconsin, 1969) Philip Curtin calculated that between 1415 and 1525 76,000 Africans were shipped to Europe; 74,00 between 1526-1600, and 125,000 were sent to America during the same years. Between 1601 and 1870 over nine million African souls were merchandised. The powerful 19th century sculpture of an African slave woman, her arms roped behind her but still defiant, is clearly a condemnation of the practice.

Caption: AFRICAN | L. Ivory with slave C. Why am I born a slave? R. Slavers | c. 1900-1980 | West African | African

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