San Thome (Saint Thomas) Basilica.
16th c Indian Gothic Revival Architecture
BRITISH RAJ Anonymous
(c. 1750 - 1947)
Chennai (Madras). MylaporeTamil Nadu. India.
The Basilica was built over the tomb of Thomas one of the apostles of Jesus who is thought to have come to India in 52 CE. The shrine of San Thome was originally built by the Portuguese in 1523 and was later raised to Basilican status and rebuilt by the English in its present form. Saint Thomas was the apostle who at first doubted Christ's resurrection but when Christ showed him the hole in his side he believed. He is considered to be the father of Indian Christianity. His story is best known through the Acts of Thomas which is believed to have been written around 200. The indigenous church of Kerala has the tradition that St. Thomas landed in the ancient port of Muziris and went to Palayoor before going to the southern part of Kerala state where he established a number of churches. He was later martyred and was buried in Myapore in India. Pope John Paul II visited his tomb in Myapore in 1986. He is venerated by Syrian Christians for according to the 4th c Syrian St. Ephraem Thomas was put to death in India and his body to brought to Syria by a merchant.