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Sumerians, Elamites & Akkadians

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Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Front View.
21st c BCE Mesopotamian Sumerian Sculpture

SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)
c. 2100 BCE
21st c BCE
Portrait head
Iraq. Asia.
Hayward CA. CSU East Bay Art Gallery.
Much more is known about Gudea than about most rulers of the early Bronze Age. More statues of him survive than of any other person of the period, about 25. There are many texts including a number of his own letters. Bronze Age rulers often considered themselves divine. The Sumerian rulers did not; they were servants of the Divine. The image of Gudea that survives is that of a wise and just ruler who was militarily strong and very religious. He built or refurbished many temples, as well as irrigation canals. His liberal laws granted women the right to ownership of land and cancelled the debts of those who could not pay. Editioned by the Penn Museum, Philadelphia."

Caption: SUMERIAN Anonymous | Head of Gudea, Lord of Lagash (replica). Front View. | c. 2100 BCE | Sumerian | Sumerian c. 2100 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-150a"
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