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Sumerians, Elamites & Akkadians

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Tablet with inscriptions & geometric shape.
30th-20th c BCE Mesopotamian Sumerian (Eary Dynastic) Document

SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE) Primary
c. 3000 BCE-2000 BCE
30th-20th c BCE
Carved
Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)
Tablet
Uruk (Warka). Iraq.
Brussels. Musées Royaux d'Art et d'Histoire.
ancemp02.Mes02069
About 3500 BCE in ancient Mesopotamia, what Joseph Campbell called "an epochal mutation" occurred in which the "fundamental arts of all high civilizations were invented: writing, mathematics, monumental architecture, systematic scientific observation (of the heavens), temple worship, and, dominating all, the kingly art of government. The knowledge and application of these reached Egypt with the pharaohs of the first Dynasty, c. 2850 BCE, Crete and the Indus Valley c. 2500 BCE, China c. 1500 BCE and in 1000-500 BCE passed to Mexico and Peru." Thus, an understanding of the art and culture of ancient Mesopotamia is an important base for the study of cultures throughout the world.

Caption: Mesopotamian | Tablet with inscriptions & geometric shape. | | Mesopotamian |

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