20th c Native American Kiowa-Apache Applied Arts
Fort Sill. Oklahoma. United States.
Gift for birth of Mary Graham in 1905, the daughter of Fannie and Thompson Graham who had worked in the Indian school of Fort Sill, Oaklahoma. The cradle was a traditonal beaded doll cradle and many objects were attached to it incudig baby moccasins, deerskin dolls, and a casing for the umbilical cord. The style is Kiowa. The Kiowas, Commanches and Apaches had been gathered from the Great Plains and brought to Fort Sill. The children were put in school, their hair was cut, their native clothing replaced by school uniforms, and they were forbidden to speak their native languages. The Protestant teachers worked at indoctrinating them with Christian values. The gift of the cradle was in appreciation of the Graham's work helping the indians through a horrific attack of smallpox around 1889.The Indians had no immunity to smallpox, and Fannie described seeing Indians whose bodies were so badly affected that one could not put down a pencil without touching a pustule. Her devoted nursing was much appreciated.
Caption: KIOWA | Cradle. | 1905 | Native American | Kiowa Apache
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