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", "Obj_Name" : "Sculpture", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04048.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04048.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04048.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04048.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45283", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113629, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113629", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-150a", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Front View.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Front View.", "Series_Title" : "Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Front View.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Much more is known about Gudea than about most rulers of the early Bronze Age. More statues of him survive than of any other person of the period, about 25. There are many texts including a number of his own letters. Bronze Age rulers often considered themselves divine. The Sumerian rulers did not; they were servants of the Divine. The image of Gudea that survives is that of a wise and just ruler who was militarily strong and very religious. He built or refurbished many temples, as well as irrigation canals. His liberal laws granted women the right to ownership of land and cancelled the debts of those who could not pay. 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Lord of Lagash (replica). Side View.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Side View.", "Series_Title" : "Head of Gudea. Lord of Lagash (replica). Side View.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Much more is known about Gudea than about most rulers of the early Bronze Age. More statues of him survive than of any other person of the period, about 25. There are many texts including a number of his own letters. Bronze Age rulers often considered themselves divine. The Sumerian rulers did not; they were servants of the Divine. The image of Gudea that survives is that of a wise and just ruler who was militarily strong and very religious. He built or refurbished many temples, as well as irrigation canals. His liberal laws granted women the right to ownership of land and cancelled the debts of those who could not pay. Editioned by the Penn Museum, Philadelphia."", "Dedication" : ""SUMERIAN Anonymous | Head of Gudea, Lord of Lagash (replica). Side View. | c. 2100 BCE | Sumerian | Sumerian c. 2100 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-150"", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Portrait Head", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-150.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-150.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-150.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-150.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102912", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113640, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113640", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-160", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Libation Vessel of Gudea (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Libation Vessel of Gudea (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Libation Vessel of Gudea (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""This vessel is one of the most famous objects of the age. Not only is it carved in a beautiful way but the symbolism continues to resonate in modern times. The iconography shows a pair of Feathered Serpents opening a portal to reveal the divine presence of a Double-Serpent whose name is Ningishzida (Ningizzida). The iconic image of the Double-Serpent continued in the cultures of Egypt with Thoth and in Greece with Hermes, and is still seen regularlyin the modern world as a symbol of health and healing. It appears on TV almost every day in association with medical reports and ads. Many scholars have noted the emphasis given to the central vertical column and the number of spaces around which the serpents wrap. This could be symbolic of the kundalini chakra system. If so, this is further evidence for a possible Indo-Sumerian culture. 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Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-160", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Industrial Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Vessel", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-160.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-160.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-160.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-160.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102923", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113627, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113627", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-149", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Temple Cone.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Temple Cone.", "Series_Title" : "Temple Cone.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""In each of the temples that Gudea built or rebuilt, he placed a ìtemple coneî or ìdedication nailî such as this one inside the walls. A similar tradition continues in the foundation stone of modern construction. Many are of a similar shape and carry a similar inscription which reads: ìGudea built [or restored] this temple for Lord Ningirsu. his Lord.î "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Temple Cone. | c. 2100 BCE | Sumerian | Sumerian c. 2100 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-149", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Temple Cone", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-149.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-149.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-149.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-149.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102911", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }