{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 113633, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113633", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-154", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2005 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1995 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This seal is from the Sumerian city of Ur, which was the Bronze Age home of Abraham. The concept of the composition is Sumerian, but the execution is Akkadian. The Akkadians, a Semitic tribe from the north, conquered the Sumerians but continued much of their culture. The story pictured appears to be from the Epic of Gilgamesh, King of Uruk, who may actually have lived about 3000 BCE. Many consider this epic to be the oldest story ever recorded. In the epic is the eventual acceptance of impermanence and death by an egocentric man, after he went through many adventures and finally destroyed the 7 auras of the ìevil one.î That ìevil oneî may be understood as the ego. Also included is the story of a global flood. This epic may well have been the source of the Biblical story of the world flood. Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu are shown slaying animals. Gilgamesh killed lions then ate them and wore their skins."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica). | c. 2000 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian c. 2000 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-154", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-154.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-154.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-154.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-154.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102917", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113634, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113634", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-155", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2050 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2055 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2045 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Cylinder seals were personal possessions made to mark private property. It became a very sophisticated art form. The Sumerian and Minoan seals of the Bronze Age are considered by many to be the best ever engraved. The picture-story of this seal is one of the most common of the era. It is called a ìPresentation Scene.î It pictures a human being presented to a seated male deity by a female deity. The implication is that a blessing is being requested. In short, this seal is a prayer."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression (replica). | c. 2050 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian c. 2050 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-155", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-155.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-155.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-155.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-155.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102918", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113639, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113639", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-159", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2305 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2295 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica). ", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Rollout and drawing of the rolled out image.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica). | c. 2300 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Sumerian c. 2300 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-159", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-159.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-159.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-159.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-159.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102922", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113636, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113636", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-157", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Rollout on putty (modern impression).", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica). | c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian/Babylonian c. 2150 BCE-1600 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-157", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-156&157.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-156&157.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102940", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113637, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113637", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-158", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2305 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2295 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This is probably the most widely published seal of the Sumerican era. In the dramatic composition are many deities occupying narrative positions on the morning of New Yearís Day. The Sun God is rising between the mountain peaks, on top of which stands Ishtar. Nearby is the Water God, and others. The inscription names the owner as ìAddaî who is called a scribe. The famous version of this seal is in the British Museum, London. When the very well executed version in this exhibition was made is not known. It was common for replicas to be made thousands of years ago. Replicas also have been made in the 20th century. More study is needed. "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica). | c. 2300 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Sumerian c. 2300 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-158", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-158.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-158.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-158.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-158.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102920", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113638, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113638", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-158a", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2305 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2295 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica). Detail.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica). Detail.", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica). Detail.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""This is probably the most widely published seal of the Sumerican era. In the dramatic composition are many deities occupying narrative positions on the morning of New Yearís Day. The Sun God is rising between the mountain peaks, on top of which stands Ishtar. Nearby is the Water God, and others. The inscription names the owner as ìAddaî who is called a scribe. The famous version of this seal is in the British Museum, London. When the very well executed version in this exhibition was made is not known. It was common for replicas to be made thousands of years ago. Replicas also have been made in the 20th century. More study is needed. "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal of New Year's Day (replica). Detail. | c. 2300 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Sumerian c. 2300 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-158a", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-158a.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-158a.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-158a.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-158a.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102921", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113635, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113635", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-156", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Amethyst", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Amethyst", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Pictured here is a goddess, probably Innana/Ishtar, standing in front of a male deity. Another male touches the Tree of Life and points to the Pleiades star cluster."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica). | c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian/Babylonian c. 2150 BCE-1600 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-156", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-156&157.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-156&157.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102939", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }