{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 89702, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89702", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5912", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2450 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2450 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2450 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Stele of the Victory of Ennatum. Detail: the God Ningirsu with his Mace.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Detail: the God Ningirsu with his Mace. ", "Series_Title" : "Stele of the Victory of Ennatum.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Stele of the Victory of Ennatum. Detail: the God Ningirsu with his Mace. | 2450 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5912", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Relief Sculpture", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5912.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5912.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5912.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5912.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78921", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89701, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89701", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5911", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2450 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2450 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2450 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "King of Lagash. Stele of the Victory of Eannatum.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Stele of the Victory of Eannatum. ", "Series_Title" : "King of Lagash.", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Also called the Stele of the Vultures. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | King of Lagash. Stele of the Victory of Eannatum. | 2450 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5911", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Relief Sculpture", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5911.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5911.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5911.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5911.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78920", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 36991, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/36991", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04012", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2430 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2435 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2425 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Goddess Nisarba.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Goddess Nisarba. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Inscription: Entemera prince of Lagash. ", "Dedication" : "Sumerian | Goddess Nisarba. | c. 2430 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Berlin. ", "Obj_Name" : "Relief", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04012.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04012.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04012.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04012.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45319", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 128291, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/128291", "Disp_Access_No" : "pari2041", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2405 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2395 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Murex shell ladle.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Murex shell ladle.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Shell", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Murex shell ladle. |c. 2400 BCE| Mesopotamian|Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Ladle", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Archaic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/pari2041.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/pari2041.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/pari2041.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/pari2041.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "116202", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 46216, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/46216", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm0757", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1500 BCE-1000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Casts of women holding their breasts.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Casts of women holding their breasts.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE Anonymous (act. c. 1450 BCE - 1100 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE | Casts of women holding their breasts. | 1500 BCE-1000 BCE | Mesopotamian | Elamite", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Figurine", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Elamite", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm0757.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm0757.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm0757.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm0757.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "52346", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7435, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7435", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02063", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2650-2550 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "Dagger handle with granulation.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the 'Great Death Pit'of Ur. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Dagger handle with granulation. | c. 2650-2550 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "Weapon", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02063.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02063.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02063.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02063.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22792", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 46290, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/46290", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm0709", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2600 BCE-2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2100 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Gold Dagger and Sheath. Electrum Copy.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Gold Dagger and Sheath. Electrum Copy. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Electrum", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Electrum", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic III. From Grave PG 580 Ur. Original in Bagdhad museum. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Gold Dagger and Sheath. Electrum Copy. | 2600 BCE-2100 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Dagger", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm0709.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm0709.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm0709.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm0709.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "52541", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7439, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7439", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02067", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "Votive rattles.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Arsenical copper", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Arsenical copper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Votive rattles. | c. 2300-2000 BCE | Mesopotamian ? | Sumerian ?", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02067.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02067.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02067.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02067.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22796", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49184, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49184", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1125", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2400 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view. Detail.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view. Detail. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic III. From the grave of Queen Pu-abi in the Royal Cemetery at Ur (grave PC 800). The wooden parts of the lyre had decayed in the soil so the excavator poured plaster of Paris into the depression left by the wood hence preserving the decoration in place.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view. Detail. | c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1125.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1125.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1125.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1125.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54771", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 55736, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/55736", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes00010", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2400 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Detail: Bull's head.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Detail: Bull's head. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic III. From the grave of Queen Pu-abi in the Royal Cemetery at Ur (grave PC 800). The wooden parts of the lyre had decayed in the soil so the excavator poured plaster of Paris into the depression left by the wood hence preserving the decoration in place.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Detail: Bull's head. | c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes00010.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes00010.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes00010.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes00010.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "59458", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49185, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49185", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1126", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2400 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Queen's Lyre with harp in foreground. Reconstruction.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Queen's Lyre with harp in foreground. Reconstruction. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The Queen's lyre is from the grave of Queen Pu-abi in the Royal Cemetery at Ur (grave PC 800).", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Queen's Lyre with harp in foreground. Reconstruction. | c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1126.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1126.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1126.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1126.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54772", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49182, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49182", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1123", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2400 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lapis lazuli; Shell; Red limestone; Gold", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic III. From the grave of Queen Pu-abi in the Royal Cemetery at Ur (grave PC 800). The wooden parts of the lyre had decayed in the soil so the excavator poured plaster of Paris into the depression left by the wood hence preserving the decoration in place.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Queen's Lyre. Reconstruction. Side view. | c. 2600 BCE-2400 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1123.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1123.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1123.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1123.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54769", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37015, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37015", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04036", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2600 BCE-2550 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2550 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Board Game with Counters.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Board Game with Counters. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the Great Death Pit at Ur. ", "Dedication" : "Sumerian | Board Game with Counters. | 2600 BCE-2550 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "Game", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04036.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04036.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04036.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04036.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45295", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37018, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37018", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04039", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2505 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2495 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Agate Necklace.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Agate Necklace. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Traded up from the Indus Valley. Found in Susa in Iran. ", "Dedication" : "Sumerian | Agate Necklace. | c. 2500 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Jewelry", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04039.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04039.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04039.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04039.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45292", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 39697, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/39697", "Disp_Access_No" : "louv3178", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1400 BCE-1200 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1400 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1200 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Toy Sheep on Wheels.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Toy Sheep on Wheels.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "ELAMITE Anonymous (c. 3100 BCE - 641 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "ELAMITE Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Terracotta", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Terracotta", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "ELAMITE | Toy Sheep on Wheels. | c. 1400 BCE-1200 BCE | Persian | Elamite", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Toy", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Elamite", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/louv3178.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/louv3178.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/louv3178.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/louv3178.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "47219", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 28159, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/28159", "Disp_Access_No" : "rom10076", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1399 BCE-1000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1399 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Racleur with animal head.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Racleur with animal head. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "IRANIAN Anonymous (active c. 2000 BCE - present)", "Sort_Artist" : "IRANIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "PERSIAN | Racleur with animal head. | c. 1399-1000 BCE | Persian | Persian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Elamite ?", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/rom10076.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/rom10076.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/rom10076.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/rom10076.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "38895", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 46291, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/46291", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm0708", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2112 BCE-2047 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2112 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2047 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Tablet of Ur-Nammu (Temple of Innana at Uruk) and Tablet of Shulgi (Temple of Di", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Tablet of Ur-Nammu (Temple of Innana at Uruk) and Tablet of Shulgi (Temple of Dimtaba Ur). ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Earthenware", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Earthenware", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Tablet of Ur-Nammu (2112-2095 BCE) and Tablet of Shulgi (2094-2047 BCE). ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Tablet of Ur-Nammu (Temple of Innana at Uruk) and Tablet of Shulgi (Temple of Dimtaba Ur). | c. 2112 BCE-2047 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Cuneiform tablet", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm0708.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm0708.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm0708.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm0708.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "52542", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 79453, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/79453", "Disp_Access_No" : "ancemp07.Mes02075", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2254-2193 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "L.. Cylinder seal. Ishtar & Shamash R. Temple of Innana. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "L.. Cylinder seal. Ishtar & Shamash R. Temple of Innana. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In a hot semi-arid country the sun was not considered the bringer of fertility, rather it was the morning dew that people thought made the plants grow. The goddess Ishtar was identified with Venus, the morning and evening star, and it was believed that she brought fertility to the land. However, like most representations of the Great Goddess, Ishtar was associated with both life and death. As in images of many of these goddesses, the lion represents her control over death. Life and death were seen by the Mesopotamians as two sides of the same coin, as the continuos process of nature, often personified as two aspects of the same goddess. The image of Ishtar and her lion is the imprint of a CYLINDER SEAL, which was a small round piece of stone carved with scenes like this one. When rolled across the damp clay used for documents, the pattern was imprinted in relief. The seal would identify the owner of the document and functioned as a signature. This particular seal was Akkadian, and it is very similar to Sumerian seals. You can see the imprint of the hieroglyphic script, as well as the figure of Ishtar and her lion. Ishtar's divinity is indicated by the horned headdress that she wears. The swords behind her wings tell us that she is also the goddess of war. We will see that, unlike the Sumerians, the Akkadians were fierce warriors. In adopting the Sumerian Innana into their culture, they transformed the earlier agricultural goddess of life and death into a war goddess. The Sumerians called the Great Goddess Inanna, but you should know her by the name of Ishtar; the more popular name given to her by later groups in Mesopotamia. In the relief on the right from the ancient Sumerian Temple of Inanna we can see the goddess with a vase of water, for water was the key to fertile lands, then as now. Water flows from her vase across and down the sides of her niche, forming the curves that are associated with a serpent. We will see that the serpent is also associated with life, for serpents can shed their skins, and thus renew themselves. ", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN | Cylinder seal. Ishtar (morning & evening star) & Shamash (sun god) . | c. 2254-2193 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. Illinois. ", "Obj_Name" : "Cylinder seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "L. Akkadian R. Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02c75.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02c75.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02c75.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02c75.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "70345", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 128307, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/128307", "Disp_Access_No" : "pari2060", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-2340 BCE|", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2340", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal with cult scene. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seal with cult scene. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A modern print from the seal is shown on the right. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Cylinder seal with cult scene. |c. 2600 BCE-2340 BCE| Mesopotamian|Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Archaic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/pari2060.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/pari2060.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/pari2060.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/pari2060.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "116219", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7449, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7449", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02077", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2330-2150 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal. Gilgamesh & bulls.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN | Cyninder seal. Gilgamesh & bulls. | c. 2330-2150 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. Illinois. ", "Obj_Name" : "Cylinder seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02077.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02077.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02077.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02077.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22806", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 105657, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/105657", "Disp_Access_No" : "nymt2771", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 1500 BCE-1000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Worshipper making an offering before a seated deity. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Worshipper making an offering before a seated deity. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE Anonymous (act. c. 1450 BCE - 1100 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Modern impression. ", "Dedication" : "MIDDLE ELAMITE | Cylinder Seal with Worshipper making an offering before a seated deity. | c. 1500 BCE-1000 BCE | Mesopotamian | Elamite", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York. ", "Obj_Name" : "Cylinder seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Elamite", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/nymt2771.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/nymt2771.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/nymt2771.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/nymt2771.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "95003", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113633, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113633", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-154", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2005 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1995 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This seal is from the Sumerian city of Ur, which was the Bronze Age home of Abraham. The concept of the composition is Sumerian, but the execution is Akkadian. The Akkadians, a Semitic tribe from the north, conquered the Sumerians but continued much of their culture. The story pictured appears to be from the Epic of Gilgamesh, King of Uruk, who may actually have lived about 3000 BCE. Many consider this epic to be the oldest story ever recorded. In the epic is the eventual acceptance of impermanence and death by an egocentric man, after he went through many adventures and finally destroyed the 7 auras of the ìevil one.î That ìevil oneî may be understood as the ego. Also included is the story of a global flood. This epic may well have been the source of the Biblical story of the world flood. Gilgamesh and his companion Enkidu are shown slaying animals. Gilgamesh killed lions then ate them and wore their skins."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression with a divine Bull-Man (replica). | c. 2000 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian c. 2000 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-154", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-154.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-154.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-154.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-154.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102917", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7305, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7305", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01026", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2254 BCE-2154 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2254 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2154 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seal. Possibly battle of Gilgamesh & Enkidu (bull man).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Seal. Possibly battle of Gilgamesh & Enkidu (bull man).", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN | Seal. Possibly battle of Gilgamesh & Enkidu (bull man). | 2254-2154 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01026.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01026.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01026.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01026.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22664", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37002, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37002", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04023", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300 BCE-2150 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2300 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2150 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Wedding of the God and Goddess of Vegetatio", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Wedding of the God and Goddess of Vegetation.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Akkadian | Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Wedding of the God and Goddess of Vegitation. | c. 2300 BCE-2150 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04023.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04023.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04023.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04023.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45308", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7304, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7304", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01025", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2500 BCE-2334 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2334 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seal. Hero protects flocks.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Seal. Hero protects flocks.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early dynastic period.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Seal. Hero protects flocks | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01025.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01025.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01025.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01025.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22663", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49190, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49190", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1131", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2494 BCE-2465 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2494 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2465 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Foundation figures or pegs.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Foundation figures or pegs. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bronze", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bronze", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic III. Foundation pegs were buried in the foundations of buildings to magically protect them and preserve the builder's name for posterity.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Foundation figures or pegs. | c. 2494 BCE-2465 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1131.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1131.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1131.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1131.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54777", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 128319, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/128319", "Disp_Access_No" : "pari2073", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2150 BCE-1800 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2150 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1800 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Lamp cover of interlaced snakes. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Lamp cover of interlaced snakes. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "518.16 cm", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Chlorite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Chlorite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN |Lamp cover of interlaced snakes. | c. 2150 BCE-1800 BCE Mesopotamian | Sumerian (Neo)", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Cover", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Neo)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/pari2073.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/pari2073.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/pari2073.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/pari2073.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "116231", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7448, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7448", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02076", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2330 BCE-2150 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2330 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2150 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal. Ishtar & Shamash (sun god) on a boat.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN | Cyninder seal. Ishtar & Shamash (sun god) on a boat. | c. 2330-2150 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. Illinois. ", "Obj_Name" : "Cylinder seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02076.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02076.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02076.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02076.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22805", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 76485, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/76485", "Disp_Access_No" : "bost2061", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2334 BCE-2154 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2334 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2154 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal & impression: Hunting scene in mountains.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seal & impression: Hunting scene in mountains. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "H:3.6 cm.", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Diorite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Diorite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder seal & impression: Hunting scene in mountains. | c. 2334 BCE-2154 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Boston.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/bost2061.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/bost2061.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/bost2061.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/bost2061.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "9860", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 76486, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/76486", "Disp_Access_No" : "bost2062", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2334 BCE-2154 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2334 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2154 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal & impression: Bearded bull-men wrestling lions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seal & impression: Bearded bull-men wrestling lions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "H:4.1 cm.", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "At the left of the fighting scene, the sun god Shamash, idenitified by his shoulder flames, forces a defeated deity to kneel before him."", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder seal & impression: Bearded bull-men wrestling lions. | c. 2334 BCE-2154 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Boston.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/bost2062.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/bost2062.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/bost2062.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/bost2062.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "9861", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 55478, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/55478", "Disp_Access_No" : "rusp6366", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2334 BCE-2200 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2334 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2200 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal & Modern Impression: Sacred Tree.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal & Modern Impression: Sacred Tree. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN | Cylinder Seal & Modern Impression: Sacred Tree. | 2334 BCE-2200 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Moscow. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/rusp6366.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/rusp6366.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/rusp6366.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/rusp6366.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "59202", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37003, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37003", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04024", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2340 BCE-2200 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2340 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2200 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Boat with Heroes.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Boat with Heroes. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Akkadian | Cylinder Seal and Modern Impression: Boat with Heroes. | c. 2340 BCE-2200 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04024.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04024.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04024.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04024.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45307", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 128313, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/128313", "Disp_Access_No" : "pari2067", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2350 BCE-2200 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2350 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2200 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Akkadian seal with man-animal combat. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Akkadian seal with man-animal combat. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The modern print is shown on the right. ", "Dedication" : "AKKADIAN |Akkadian seal with man-animal combat. |c. 2350 -2200 BCE| Mesopotamian|Akkadian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Relief", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/pari2067.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/pari2067.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/pari2067.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/pari2067.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "116225", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37017, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37017", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04038", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-1700 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1700 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Head of a statuette; shell bracelet; monkey figurine.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Head of a statuette; shell bracelet; monkey figurine. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "HARAPPAN Anonymous (c. 3000 BCE - c. 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "HARAPPAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Traded up from the Indus Valley. Found in Susa in Iran. Note the characters. ", "Dedication" : "Harappan | Head of a statuette; shell bracelet; monkey figurine. | c. 2600-1700 BCE | Indus Valley | Harappan", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Indus Valley", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Jewelry", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Harappan", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04038.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04038.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04038.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04038.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45293", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37016, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37016", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04037", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE-1700 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1700 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Bull and Script. .", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Bull and Script. . ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "HARAPPAN Anonymous (c. 3000 BCE - c. 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "HARAPPAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Harappan | Cylinder Seal with Bull and Script. . | c. 2600 BCE-1700 BCE | Indus Valley | Harappan", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Indus Valley", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Harappan", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04037.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04037.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04037.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04037.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45294", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89704, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89704", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5915", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2600 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Bowl decorated with two Lions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Bowl decorated with two Lions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Bowl decorated with two Lions. | 2600 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5915", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Bowl", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5915.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5915.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5915.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5915.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78923", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49175, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49175", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1116", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2600 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2605 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2595 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Helmet resembling a wig.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Helmet resembling a wig. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Helmet resembling a wig. | c. 2600 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Helmet", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1116.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1116.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1116.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1116.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54762", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7302, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7302", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01023", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2606 BCE -2350 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2606 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2350 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seal with cattle.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Seal with cattle.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early dynastic period.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Seal with cattle. | 2606-2350 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Berlin. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01023.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01023.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01023.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01023.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22661", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 83286, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/83286", "Disp_Access_No" : "Transform27.Mes02063", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2650 BCE-2550 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2650 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2550 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Dagger handle with granulation.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Metals transformed the way people lived when metallurgists learned to blend metals to create alloys that possessed more strength than either metal alone. This Sumerian dagger is made from electrum, a combination of gold and silver. The most significant blend was the mixture of copper with tin and antimony together to form bronze, creating a material which was harder than stone and much sharper than copper. Copper was extremely versatile, but pure copper is soft and it will not take a sharp edge. In addition to being strong and taking a sharp edge, bronze was light and malleable. Men first learned how to create bronze sometime in the early 3rd millennium BCE in the Near East, probably in Anatolia , and the technique spread from there throughout much of the Ancient World.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Dagger handle with granulation. | c. 2650-2550 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "Weapon", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02063.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02063.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02063.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02063.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "71460", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7323, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7323", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01044", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2685 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2690 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2680 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Shell-shaped cosmetic box containing blue eye makeup.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Shell-shaped cosmetic box containing blue eye makeup.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the 'Great Death Pit' at Ur. Tomb of Lady Pu-Abi.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Shell-shaped cosmetic box containing blue eye makeup. | | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01044.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01044.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01044.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01044.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22682", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7437, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7437", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02065", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2685 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2690 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2680 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Mythological Animals from the sound box of the Bull Lyre from Ur.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the 'Great Death Pit' of Ur. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Lyre of Puabi. Soundbox. | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "Musical Instrument", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02065.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02065.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02065.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02065.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22794", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37001, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37001", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04022", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2700 BCE-2330 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2700 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2330 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seals and Modern Impressions: Heroes and Animals.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seals and Modern Impressions: Heroes and Animals. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Cylinder seals of heros & animals | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04022.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04022.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04022.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04022.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45309", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49191, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49191", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1132", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2700 BCE-2600 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2700 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2600 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seals & modern impressions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seals & modern impressions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Early Dynastic II and III.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC | Cylinder seals & modern impressions. | c. 2700 BCE-2600 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1132.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1132.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1132.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1132.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54778", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89705, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89705", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5916", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2700 BCE-2650 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2700 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2650 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Relief with Scene of a Banquet and a Ship.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Relief with Scene of a Banquet and a Ship. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Relief with Scene of a Banquet and a Ship. | 2700 BCE-2650 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5916", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Relief", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5916.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5916.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5916.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5916.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78924", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7321, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7321", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01042", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2750 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2755 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2745 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ceremonial dagger.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ceremonial dagger.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "metal", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "metal", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the cemetary at Ur.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Ceremonial dagger. | c. 2750 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Weapon", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01042.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01042.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01042.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01042.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22680", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7319, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7319", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01040", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2750 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2755 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2745 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Helmet.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Helmet.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Electrum", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Electrum", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the cemetary at Ur.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Helmet. | c. 2750 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Armor", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01040.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01040.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01040.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01040.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22678", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7320, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7320", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01041", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2790 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2795 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2785 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Woman's headdress.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Woman's headdress.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From the cemetary at Ur.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Woman's headdress. | c. 2790 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Headdress", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01041.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01041.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01041.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01041.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22679", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 76494, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/76494", "Disp_Access_No" : "bost2070", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2800 BCE-2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2800 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2500 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Weight with trees & a reed house.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Weight with trees & a reed house. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "ELAMITE Anonymous (c. 3100 BCE - 641 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "ELAMITE Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Steatite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Steatite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "From south central Iran.", "Dedication" : "ELAMITE Anonymous | Weight with trees & a reed house. | c. 2800 BCE-2500 BCE | Iranian | Elamite | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Iranian (Persian)", "Department" : "Boston.", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Elamite", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/bost2070.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/bost2070.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/bost2070.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/bost2070.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "9869", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7440, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7440", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02068", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2800 BCE-2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2800 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2500 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Weights & measures.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Weights & measures. | | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. University of Chicago. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02068.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02068.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02068.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02068.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22797", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 2249, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/2249", "Disp_Access_No" : "egy20019", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2900 BCE- 2340 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2340 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Lapidary beads.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Lapidary beads.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Lapidary beads. | c. 2900 BCE- 2340 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. University of Chicago. ", "Obj_Name" : "Jewelry", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/egy20019.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/egy20019.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/egy20019.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/egy20019.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17644", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 76484, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/76484", "Disp_Access_No" : "bost2060", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2900 BCE-2350 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2350 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seals with impressions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seals with impressions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Seal, top left: Limestone; 3.4 cm. x 1.8 cm.; Two criss-crossed rampant lions, one devouring a bull and the other a long horned animal. Flanking scene are a nude hero wearing a feather crown, a bullman, and a long-horned animal. Seal, top right: Marble; Upper register: Two goats flanking a bush, lower register: Banquet scene."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous | Cylinder seals with impressions. | c. 2900 BCE-2350 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Boston.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/bost2060.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/bost2060.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/bost2060.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/bost2060.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "9859", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89700, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89700", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5910", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "3000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fragment of a Sculpted Vase with Cows and a Stable.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Fragment of a Sculpted Vase with Cows and a Stable. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Fragment of a Sculpted Vase with Cows and a Stable. | 3000 BCE | Mesopotamian | Uruk | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5910", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Relief Sculpture", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Uruk", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5910.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5910.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5910.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5910.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78919", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 37000, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/37000", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04021", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3005 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2995 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Round Seals from Uruk and Modern Impressions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Round Seals from Uruk and Modern Impressions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Sumerian | Round Seals from Uruk and Modern Impressions. | c. 3000 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Berlin. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04021.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04021.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04021.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04021.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45310", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 107043, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/107043", "Disp_Access_No" : "nymt6992", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3100 BCE-2800 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3100 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2800 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seal with Shamasha the Sun God. ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seal with Shamasha the Sun God. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Alabaster", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Alabaster", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous | Cylinder seal with Shamasha the Sun God. | c. 3100 BCE-2800 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/nymt6992.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/nymt6992.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/nymt6992.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/nymt6992.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "96303", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 107044, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/107044", "Disp_Access_No" : "nymt6995", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3100 BCE-2800 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3100 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2800 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Sun God Rising with Attendants and Opening the Gates of Heaven.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seal with Sun God Rising with Attendants and Opening the Gates of Heaven.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous (2334 BCE - 2157 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Serpentinite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Serpentinite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous | Cylinder seal with Sun God Rising with Attendants and Opening the Gates of Heaven. | c. 2350 BCE-2150 BCE | Mesopotamian | Akkadian| ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/nymt6995.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/nymt6995.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/nymt6995.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/nymt6995.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "96304", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 36982, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/36982", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04003", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c.3300 BCE-2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3300 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2500 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Eye figurines from Eye Temple of Brak.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Eye figurines from Eye Temple of Brak. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous (2900 BCE - 2730 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN EARLY DYNASTIC Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Faience; stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Faience; stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Sumerian Early Dynastic | Eye figurines from Eye Temple of Brak. | c.3300 BCE-2500 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "Relief", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Early Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04003.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04003.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04003.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04003.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45328", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 49189, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/49189", "Disp_Access_No" : "brtm1130", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3300 BCE-3000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3300 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "3000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder seals & modern impressions.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder seals & modern impressions. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) Anonymous (4000 BCE-2900 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Calcite (Marble)", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Calcite (Marble)", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Each of these cylinder seals is about 4.5 cm. high.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) | Cylinder seals & modern impressions. | c. 3300 BCE-3000 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "London. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/brtm1130.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/brtm1130.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/brtm1130.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/brtm1130.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "54776", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 76483, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/76483", "Disp_Access_No" : "bost2059", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3500 BCE-2900 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2900 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Stamp & cylinder seals.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Stamp & cylinder seals. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) Anonymous (4000 BCE-2900 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN URUK (PROTOLITERATE) Anonymous | Stamp & cylinder seals. | c. 3500 BCE-2900 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | ", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Boston.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/bost2059.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/bost2059.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/bost2059.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/bost2059.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "9858", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7303, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7303", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01024", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3505 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "3495 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seal and impression.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Seal and impression.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Seal and impression. | c. 3500 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Berlin. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01024.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01024.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01024.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01024.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22662", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89699, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89699", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5908", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3700 BCE-2900 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3700 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2900 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Monsters.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal with Monsters.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jasper", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jasper", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal with Monsters.| 3700 BCE-2900 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5908", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Cylinder seal", "Period" : "Prehistoric", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5908.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5908.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5908.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5908.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78918", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 89703, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/89703", "Disp_Access_No" : "parl5914", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2500 BCE-2400 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2400 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Frieze from a Mosaic Panel; Reconstructed as a Scene of Victory.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Frieze from a Mosaic Panel; Reconstructed as a Scene of Victory. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Shell; Schist", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Shell; Schist", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous | Frieze from a Mosaic Panel; Reconstructed as a Scene of Victory. | 2500 BCE-2400 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian | ©Kathleen Cohen | 5914", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris.", "Obj_Name" : "Mosaic", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/parl5914.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/parl5914.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/parl5914.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/parl5914.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "78922", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 79501, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/79501", "Disp_Access_No" : "AncEmp13.mes01025", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2500 BCE-2334 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2334 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seal. Hero protects flocks.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Seal. Hero protects flocks.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "marble", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "marble", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Here we see both the cylinder seal and its imprint. You can imagine the carved stone seal rolling over the clay and creating the scenes that we see here. The seal illustrates some significant literary ideas, for it depicts the hero, GILGAMESH, lions and bull-men. Lions were symbols of death or the underworld because they were beasts of prey, feeding upon the animals that men had domesticated. Two lions are represented on the upper part of the seal struggling with bulls, life against death. In such a depiction they became symbols of the forces of death against which man must battle. This conflict formed an important part of the Sumerian myth of Gilgamesh who struggles unsuccessfully to gain immortal life. The other figures depict the bull-man, which can be considered another important symbol of developing human consciousness. In this ancient epic, the oldest that we have, the hero Gilgamesh begins his quest as a young man inordinately proud of his strength. The people want to teach him the lesson that pride comes before a fall, so they look for another strong hero who will test his strength. They find the powerful bull-man, Enkidu. Gilgamesh and Enkidu meet and struggle for dominance, but when neither can overpower the other they become friends. They set off together to the underworld to bring back eternal life. Although Enkidu is killed, and Gilgamesh is unsuccessful in his quest, this ancient legend illustrates the human attempt to question fate and to struggle against it. Gilgamesh is the archetype of the hero, the man who struggles to free himself from the dictates of nature, a mythological figure who symbolizes the struggle of the individual conscious mind to free itself, to differentiate itself from the unconscious. Enkidu perhaps represents Gilgamesh's own unconscious power. Therefore, their struggles and subsequent friendship tell us that we will become more powerful if we are able to tame our unconscious power. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Seal. Hero protects flocks | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01025.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01025.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01025.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01025.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "70393", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113634, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113634", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-155", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2050 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2055 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2045 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Cylinder seals were personal possessions made to mark private property. It became a very sophisticated art form. The Sumerian and Minoan seals of the Bronze Age are considered by many to be the best ever engraved. The picture-story of this seal is one of the most common of the era. It is called a ìPresentation Scene.î It pictures a human being presented to a seated male deity by a female deity. The implication is that a blessing is being requested. In short, this seal is a prayer."", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression (replica). | c. 2050 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian c. 2050 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-155", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-155.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-155.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-155.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-155.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102918", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113639, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113639", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-159", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2305 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2295 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica). ", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Rollout and drawing of the rolled out image.", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression of New Year's Day (replica). | c. 2300 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Sumerian c. 2300 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-159", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-159.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-159.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-159.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-159.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102922", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113636, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113636", "Disp_Access_No" : "glob8-157", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1900 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Series_Title" : "Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Putty", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Putty", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Rollout on putty (modern impression).", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN-AKKADIAN Anonymous | Cylinder Seal Impression with a Presentation Picture-Story (replica). | c. 2000 BCE-1900 BCE | Sumerian-Akkadian | Neo Sumerian/Babylonian c. 2150 BCE-1600 BCE | Institute for Aesthetic Development. Brentwood CA. Text copyright-Lanier Graham | glob8-157", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Applied Arts", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Hayward CA.", "Obj_Name" : "Seal", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian-Akkadian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/glob8-156&157.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/glob8-156&157.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/glob8-156&157.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102940", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }