{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 7401, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7401", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02029", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat. Model.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN | Ziggurat. Model. | c. 2100 BCE | Mesopotamian | Neo-Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Chicago. University of Chicago. ", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02029.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02029.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02029.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02029.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22758", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 1744, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/1744", "Disp_Access_No" : "dia01028", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat at Ur.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ziggurat at Ur.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN | Ziggurat at Ur. | c. 2100 BCE | Mesopotamian | Neo-Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/dia01028.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/dia01028.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/dia01028.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/dia01028.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "17142", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7289, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7289", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01010", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat at Ur.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ziggurat at Ur.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Ziggurat at Ur | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01010.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01010.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01010.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01010.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22648", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7294, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7294", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01015", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat of Ur. Southwest side.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ziggurat of Ur. Southwest side.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN | Ziggurat of Ur. Southwest side. | c. 2100 BCE | Mesopotamian | Neo-Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01015.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01015.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01015.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01015.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22653", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 79472, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/79472", "Disp_Access_No" : "AncEmp16.mes01c10", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "L. Ziggurat at Ur. R. Model", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ziggurat at Ur.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "It was during the Neo-Sumerian period that the great ziggurats, like the one shown here, were constructed. This enormous pile of sundried brick served as the base for a temple. We are not yet certain whether such massive bases were built for earlier Sumerian temples, but it is probable that the bases gradually became taller as temples were rebuilt, finally evolving into the massive forms seen here. Unfortunately, the vulnerability of sun-dried brick to the depredations of time and weather has made it very difficult to trace the development of the ziggurat form. The reconstruction of a ziggurat with a temple shown on the right illustrates the ramps and the successive platforms. The terraces were originally faced with baked ceramic tiles which served not only as protection, but also added color to the edifice. The immense amount of labor that went into the building of these artificial mountains, plus the work that was involved in just climbing to the top to celebrate various religious rituals indicates what an important role religion played in the lives of these early people. In the temples at the top of these symbolic sacred mountains the gods descended to contact man. It is thought that the ritual of the sacred marriage took place in these lofty temples. The political organization of the state developed around these temples. It was the priests of the temples who had the leisure to study the heavens in order to learn the will of the gods; a study that gave birth both to astrology and astronomy. The priests also developed writing, a gift which further increased man's awareness of himself and his place in the flow of time. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Ziggurat at Ur | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01c10.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01c10.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01c10.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01c10.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "70364", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7403, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7403", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02031", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat or Ur.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN | Ziggurat or Ur. | c. 2100 BCE | Mesopotamian | Neo-Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02031.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02031.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02031.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02031.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22760", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7402, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7402", "Disp_Access_No" : "Mes02030", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2100 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2105 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2095 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ziggurat. Reconstruction. 1970s", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ziggurat. Reconstruction. 1970s", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous (2150 BCE - 1800 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "NEO-SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "NEO-SUMERIAN |Ziggurat. Reconstruction. 1970s| c. 2100 BCE", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Ziggurat", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Neo-Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes02030.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes02030.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes02030.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes02030.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22759", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 36997, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/36997", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04018", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2150 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2150 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "City of Ur. Town plan.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "City of Ur. Town plan. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Ink", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Ink", "Info_Page_Comm" : "After Woolley who excavated at Ur. ", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Ur | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "City plan", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04018.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04018.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04018.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04018.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45313", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 36998, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/36998", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04019", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2150 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2150 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ur of Chaldees. View from the Ziggarut.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ur of Chaldees. View from the Ziggarut. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Ur. View from ziggarut | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "", "Obj_Name" : "Town", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04019.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04019.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04019.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04019.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45312", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7300, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7300", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01021", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2600-2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "", "_Disp_End_Date" : "", "Disp_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).Inlaid column.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).Inlaid column.", "Series_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Shell & bitumen", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Shell & bitumen", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess). Inlaid column. | 2600-2500 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "Column", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01021.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01021.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01021.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01021.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22659", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 36999, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/36999", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes04020", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 2120 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2125 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2115 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Columns from Palace of Gudea of Lagash.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Columns from Palace of Gudea of Lagash. ", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Earthenware", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Earthenware", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Sumerian | Columns from Palace of Gudea of Lagash. | c. 2120 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian (Neo )", "Copyright_Type" : "Permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Paris. ", "Obj_Name" : "Column", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Neo)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes04020.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes04020.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes04020.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes04020.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "45311", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7301, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7301", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01022", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "2600 BCE-2500 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "2600 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2500 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).Bull.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).Bull.", "Series_Title" : "Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess).", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Shell", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Temple of Ninhursay (mother goddess). Bull. | 2600-2500 BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Philadelphia. ", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01022.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01022.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01022.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01022.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22660", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 79521, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/79521", "Disp_Access_No" : "ancemp03.mes01012", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3000 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ur. Model of city.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ur. Model of city.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Civilization is difficult to define in any final sense, but it occurs when groups of men and women live together in some sort of cooperative community that has risen above the economic subsistence level to a degree which makes it possible for members of the group to devote themselves to activities other than the gathering of food. For example, to such things as the speculation about the relation of man to the powers of the universe and to the creation of a symbolic language which will serve to relate the members of the group to those powers and to each other. A shared symbolic language, whether expressed through ritual, art, drama, philosophy, myth or religion, and whether verbal or pictorial, is one of the important attributes of a civilized human community.", "Dedication" : "Unknown | Ur. Model of city. | 3rd millenium BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "Model", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01012.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01012.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01012.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01012.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "70413", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7290, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7290", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01011", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3000 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Model of Sumerian city.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Model of Sumerian city.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN | Model of Sumerian city. | 3rd millenium BCE | Sumerian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Brussels. Belgium. ", "Obj_Name" : "Model", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01011.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01011.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01011.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01011.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22649", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 7291, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/7291", "Disp_Access_No" : "mes01012", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "3000 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3000 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Ur. Model of city.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Ur. Model of city.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Unknown | Ur. Model of city. | 3rd millenium BCE | Mesopotamian | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "New York City. ", "Obj_Name" : "Model", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian (Eary Dynastic)", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/mes01012.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/mes01012.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/mes01012.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/mes01012.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22650", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 113692, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/113692", "Disp_Access_No" : "turk7272", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "c. 3500 BCE-2000 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "3500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "2000 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Drawing of a Sumerian temple interior.", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Drawing of a Sumerian temple interior.", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous (3500 BCE - 2000 BCE)", "Sort_Artist" : "SUMERIAN Anonymous", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Alabaster", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Alabaster", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "SUMERIAN |Drawing of a Sumerian temple interior. |c. 3500 BCE-2000 BCE | Sumerian", "Copyright_Type" : "permission", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architecture", "Creation_Place2" : "Mesopotamian", "Department" : "Istanbul. Turkey", "Obj_Name" : "Slab", "Period" : "Ancient", "Style" : "Sumerian", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/turk7272.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/turk7272.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/turk7272.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/turk7272.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "102957", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }